Genoa Genova [ˈdʒɛːnova] (listen); is the capital of Liguria and the sixth largest city in Italy with a population of 588,688 within its administrative limits on a land area of 243.6 km2 (94 sq mi). The urban area called Genoa Metropolitan City has an official population of 862,885. Genoa is one of Europe’s largest cities on the Mediterranean Sea and the largest seaport in Italy.
Genoa has been nicknamed la Superba (“the Proud one”) due to its glorious past and impressive landmarks. Part of the old town of Genoa was inscribed on the World Heritage List (UNESCO) in 2006 (see below). The city’s rich cultural history in notably its art, music, and cuisine allowed it to become the 2004 European Capital of Culture. It is the birthplace of Christopher Columbus and Niccolò Paganini.
Genoa, which forms the southern corner of the Milan-Turin-Genoa industrial triangle of north-west Italy, is one of the country’s major economic centers. The city has hosted massive shipyards and steelworks since the 19th century, and its solid financial sector dates back to the Middle Ages. The Bank of Saint George, founded in 1407, is among the oldest in the world and has played an important role in the city’s prosperity since the middle of the 15th century.
Last but not least, Genoa hosts the oldest Italian Football Club:
Genoa Cricket and Football Club.
What to see
The Aquarium in Genoa is the largest in Europe and is home to over 6,000 animals of various species in 70 tanks that reproduce their natural habitat and environment.
Among the most elegant and majestic buildings in the center of Genoa, for centuries it was the headquarters of the Doge of Genoa and within its walls, it contains the city’s entire history. Renovated a few decades ago, the building is not only historic but also the center of cultural and educational activities and social events.
The Porto Antico (Old Port) of Genoa is one of the most scenic locations of the city and was renovated in 1992 by architect Renzo Piano. The complex includes: Ponte Spinola (Spinola Bridge), the Magazzini del Cotone (Cotton Warehouses), the Bigo panoramic lift, the Neptune Galleon, Palazzo San Giorgio, the Docks, as well as bars and restaurants.
The Historic Centre
The Historic Centre is the heart of the old town and consists of a maze of narrow alleyways called carrugi, between ancient churches, narrow arcades, and charming historic buildings.
The Rolli represent the most prestigious buildings of the city, located between the streets of Historic Centre. It includes the buildings in via Garibaldi, via Balbi, via Lomellini and via Cairoli. Since 2006, most of these buildings have been acknowledged as part of our World Heritage by UNESCO.
The lighthouse port, now called “Lanterna” is the symbol of the city of Genoa and can be reached on foot with a walk through the ancient fortifications.
Staglieno Monumental Cemetery is one of the most important in Europe. Opened in the mid-nineteenth century, it is not only a sacred and commemorative place but an actual outdoor museum. Different styles, from Neoclassicism to Symbolism and Art Nouveau, are united in complete harmony in extraordinary sculptures and buildings.